Welcome to
GandhiUSA
A website dedicated to informing Americans about the life and teachings of
Mahatma Gandhi
Please Email us at

GandhiUSA1@gmail.com

 A man throws water on a statue of Mahatma Gandhi as he cleans it on the eve of Gandhi's birthday at the Gujarat state legislature complex in Gandhinagar, India, on Oct. 1, 2012.

 

 GandhiUSA 

  What's the connection?

It is probably unusual to many that we should use the name of the great spiritual leader and Father of India  simultaneously with USA, as we have done here in our website title. To be quit clear and to avoid any confusion, we mean no disrespect! If anything, we are attempting to pay homage to The Great One by claiming him as one of our very own. 

For us as Americans, there is a strong and undeniable connection. We might do well to ask ourselves one simple but important question. What might an alternate eventuality be of the American Civil Rights Movement had Dr. Martin Luther King not been a student of Gandhi and adhered closely to his teachings and practice of non-violent disobedience?   

We will never really know the answer to that question, nor will we understand the possible ramifications for our country. In short, it is safe to say that violence only breeds more violence... Indeed, we owe a great deal to Gandhi and his philosophies. His influence on the world continues to the furthest reaches of its four corners, even today.

In this interview, Dr. King explains how he was first exposed to the ideas of Gandhi and the philosophy of nonviolence.

Gandhi In
The News
January 5, 2017
Statue of Mahatma Gandhi in New York City's Union Square Park,
covered with a new dusting of snow.
Snow covered Mahatma Gandhi statue in Ariana Parc outside the European headquarters of The United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland.
March 14, 2015

A historic bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi was unveiled Saturday, Mar 14, 2015 at Britian's Parliament Square in London in a rare honor bestowed by the British government which had been a staunch adversary of the iconic leader during its colonial rule in India. In the photo above, British Prime Minister David Cameron shakes hands with Gopalkrishna Gandhi, Mohandas Gandhi's grandson, beneath the new statue. Gandhi’s 9-foot statue, by British sculptor Philip Jackson, was unveiled jointly by British Prime Minister David Cameron and Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.

The statue stands exactly opposite Britain’s Houses of Parliament in the Palace of Westminster and adjacent to iconic leaders like anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela. Gandhi’s statue also has Britain’s war-time Prime Minister Winston Churchill for company, an irony given the ex-premier’s dismissive thoughts of someone he described as a half naked fakir.

January 25, 2015
On January 25, 2015, the U.S. president, Barack Obama and his wife made a historic visit to India. Obama paid his respects at the site where India's independence icon, Mahatma Gandhi, was cremated. Out of respect, Obama walked in his socks to a walled courtyard at the Raj Ghat, and laid a large white wreath at the site. He also shoveled dirt and poured a pitcher of water around a sapling that was planted in his honor at the memorial, as has been done for U.S. presidents before him who have made the same visit. Obama signed the guest book and quoted the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in his inscription:
"What Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said then remains true today — the spirit of Gandhi is very much alive in India today. And it remains a great gift to the world. May we always live in his spirit of love and peace — among all people and nations,"
Barack Obama  January 25, 2015
October 2, 2014
A life size bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi was installed  in Irving Texas on October 2, 2014 (Gandhiji's birthday), fulfilling a long-cherished dream of Indian-Americans living in the city. The ground breaking ceremony for Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Plaza in Thomas Jefferson Park in Irving, Texas was the result of several years of planning and the dedication of numerous Indian-American organizations that have been fundraising and lobbying government authorities to make it a reality. In the dedication speech it was stated, “One thing Gandhi constantly said was if we want to truly have peace and love, we have to start with children. By putting this statue in a park, we are starting out with children, reminding them who he was and what he was about.”
October 2, 2013
A schoolgirl stands next to a statue of Mohandas K. Gandhi in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, during celebrations to mark the 144th anniversary of the birth of Gandhi.

Young Mohandas

In Photos

 Earliest known photo of young Gandhi, at the age of 7, in 1876


 Gandhi with his class mate Sheikh Mehtab (right) at Rajkot, 1883.

   What's In a Name?

 Gandhi was referred to by a number of different names. The following are some of them in their various forms. It should not be difficult to remember that Gandhi, Gandhiji, Bapu, Bapuji, the Mahatma or Mahatmaji all refer to the same person, once you get the hang of it! 

Bapu is a Hindi word for "Father" or "Spiritual Father". Gandhi was refered to as Bapu, and it was meant as a show of genuine affection. Today, Gandhi is officially honored as the Father of India.  

Mahatma is Sanskrit for "Great Soul". Mahatma is the name we recognize in the USA as most closely associated with Gandhi. 

"ji" is a suffix used to show respect at the end of a person's name or title, and is well used throughout the Indian subcontinent.

Gandhi Video Clips
Watch this collection of excellent quality video clips of Mahatma Gandhi. This video includes the following clips: About 1930 - Gandhi in group, crowds fighting to get close to Gandhi, CU Gandhi, crowds, Gandhi speaking, crowds, Gandhi speaking. 1931 - Sign Bombay Port Trust Hotel, crowds say goodbye to Gandhi as he is headed for London Conference to determine India's fate in the British Republic, CU Gandhi hands clasped, rear shot of Gandhi at rail of ship. Gandhi on board ship en route to London has feet massaged, Gandhi spinning, Gandhi playing with baby, laughing. Gandhi and party descend gangplank in England, Gandhi is escorted to car. Gandhi inside car, crowd, Gandhi attracts crowd as he stands on balcony. 1932 - Gandhi relaxing at Victoria Hall, Geneva where he gives address.

The Salt March of 1930


Gandhi and followers beginning the Salt March at Sabarmati, 1930.
When the British introduced a tax on salt in 1930, Gandhi famously led a 250-mile march to the sea to collect his own salt from the seawater in protest. The British salt law, which made it illegal to possess salt not bought from the government. Recognizing his political influence nationally, the British authorities were forced to negotiate various settlements with Gandhi over the following years, which resulted in the alleviation of poverty, granted status to the "untouchables", enshrined rights for women, and led inexorably to Gandhi’s goal of Swaraj: political independence from Britain. In the famous Salt March of April-May 1930, thousands of Indians followed Gandhi to the Arabian Sea. The march resulted in the arrest of nearly 60,000 people, including Gandhi himself.
A Farewell To

The Mahatma
Mahatma Gandhi died on January 30, 1948 in New Delhi, India, the victim of an assassins bullet. Gandhi's assassin, Nathuram Godse, was described as a nationalist and right-wing Hindu who blamed Gandhi for the partitioning of India. He was executed in November 1949.

On January 13th, beginning what would prove to be his last fast, the Mahatma said: "Death for me would be a glorious deliverance rather than that I should be a helpless witness of the destruction of India, Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam".
Gandhi explained that his dream was for all India to live together in unity and harmony.

On 30th January 1948, while Gandhi was on his way to a prayer meeting at Birla House in Delhi, Nathuram Godse managed to get close enough to him in the crowd to be able to shoot him three times in the chest, at point-blank range. Gandhi’s dying words were claimed to be, “Hé Rām”, which translates as, “Oh God”.



As Gandhi's funeral procession makes its way through the streets of  Delhi, crowds gather. Some admirers apparently find it necessary to climb high for a better view.


A memorial now sits on the site where Gandhiji's body was cremated in Delhi.

A Newsweek Magazine cover immediately following Gandhi's death asks, "India: After Gandhi, What?"

"I want world sympathy in this
                 battle of right-against-might"                  Gandhi, April 5, 1930
MKG


Gandhi's note to a journalist at Dandi during the Salt March
Delhi Gandhi Mural
In January 2014, German artist Hendrick Beikirch and Indian artist ANPU painted the tallest mural of India, a 158 foot profile of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, at the Delhi Police Headquarter. The mural was a part of the biggest street art festival of India, " st+art Delhi". The Headquarter building features the tallest portrait of Mahatma Ghandi anywhere, which covers a 150’ x 38’.

Street Art is becoming more popular day by day all over the world and for countries like India, it is something new and exciting. Delhi became the first Indian city to host a Street Art Festival in the south Delhi neighborhood of Shahpur Jat. It hosted a collection of more than 60 artists, international and local, who painted the city walls and made them look like an art gallery.


Gandhi mural on the side of the Delhi Police Headquarters Building, Delhi, India, 2014

 Gandhi seen here in a photograph from 1944.

A vintage 1930's era Vincent Zito caricature of Mahatma Gandhi. Vincent Zito (1900–1966) was a talented artist most famous for his caricatures of the "celebrities" he encountered throughout his life in both Europe and America, primarily working in Paris and Palm Beach.
Gandhi's
Lasting Legacy
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander in the state of what is now Gujarat on October 2, 1869. His father was the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar. Young Mohandas took his early schooling in nearby Rajkot. At the age of thirteen, Gandhi was married to a girl named Kasturba in an arranged marriage, as is the custom in India. Before Mohandas was even able to complete his schooling, his father had died.
   
At the age of 19, Mohandas left home alone to study law in London at the Inner Temple, one of the city’s four law colleges. Though his elders objected, Gandhi could not be prevented from leaving. It is said that his mother, a devout woman, made him promise that he would keep away from wine, women, and meat during his stay abroad.
   
Gandhi showed determination in his educational pursuit and accomplished his objective of finishing his degree and
successfully passing the bar on June 10, 1891. Upon returning to India that same year, he set up a law practice in Bombay, but met with little success. Unfortunately, Gandhi found that he lacked both knowledge of Indian law and self-confidence in practice. When he was offered a year-long position with an Indian firm as their legal adviser in South Africa, Gandhi was thankful for the opportunity. Together with his wife, Kasturba, and their children, Gandhi remained in South Africa for a total of nearly 20 years before returning home to India.
   
The Indian community in South Africa consisted mainly of indentured laborers and traders. The  laborers were taken to this foreign land by European landlords to bolster South Africa's acute labor shortage. The conditions under which these Indian workers were forced to live was akin to slavery. They were devoid of local political rights, and forced to endure many
imposed
restrictions and heavy taxes.
   

Gandhi was appalled by the discrimination he experienced as an Indian immigrant in South Africa. When a European magistrate in Durban asked him to take off his turban, he refused and left the courtroom. On a train voyage to Pretoria, he was thrown out of a first-class railway compartment after refusing to give up his seat for a European passenger; despite having the proper ticketing.    

   
This event was a turning point in Gandhi's life
, and soon after he began focusing his attentions and efforts on opposing discriminatory legislation against minority Indians in South Africa.
This is where Gandhi was first awakened to social injustice that in turn shaped his social activism. From this political awakening, Gandhi was to emerge as the leader of the Indian community, and it is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance.



 Gandhi, student in law in London, 1891.


 Gandhi during the satyagraha campaign of 1913-14, as he appeared at the end of the struggle, January 1914.


 Gandhi during the early days of legal practice, 1902. Gandhi during the early days of his legal practice in Johannesburg, 1900


Gandhi returned to India in early 1915. Except for a short trip that took him to Europe in 1931, Gandhi was never to leave the country again. Though he was not completely unknown in India, Gandhi followed the advice of his political mentor, Gokhale, and took it upon himself to become familiar with Indian conditions. He traveled widely for one year. Over the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles, such as at Champaran in Bihar where workers on indigo plantations complained of oppressive working conditions, and at Ahmedabad, where a dispute had broken out between management and workers at textile mills.
   

His interventions earned Gandhi a considerable reputation, and his rapid rise to the helm of nationalist politics soon followed. As his fame spread, he became widely referred to as Mahatma or Great Soul. By 1921, Gandhi was leading the Indian National Congress and supporting the Home Rule movement. In time he rose to become the predominant political and ideological leader of his home country of India during their struggle for independence from British rule.
   

Gandhi's policy of non-violent, non-cooperation not only assisted India in winning her long overdue independence, but went on to inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Satyagraha remains one of the most potent philosophies in freedom struggles throughout the world today. 

               

Portrait of Gandhi taken shortly after he and Kasturba returned to India in 1915.

 Interactive map of the Indian subcontinent. Porbander, Gandhi's birthplace, is highlighted with a red arrow.

Gandhi's
Autobiography

 The Story of My Experiments With Truth is the autobiography of Mohandas K. Gandhi, covering his life from early childhood through to 1921. It was written in weekly installments and published in his journal Navjivan from 1925 to 1929. The book was written primarily as a means to explain the background of his public campaigns. In 1999, the book was designated as one of the "100 Best Spiritual Books of the 20th Century" by a committee of global spiritual and religious authorities.The link below will allow you to download the book in its entirety as a single 1.9mb .PDF file.


Gandhi Autobiography.pdf Gandhi Autobiography.pdf
Size : 1954.953 Kb
Type : pdf
 A First Edition of Gandhi's printed book,
The Story of My Experiments With Truth.
Gandhi's First
Television Interview
April 30, 1931
Gandhi's first ever appearance in a "talking picture".
Download the Papu Poster from the link below. The poster is sized at 9x13, 300dpi, but you can adjust it in a photo program to any size you want!
Bapuposter.jpg Bapuposter.jpg
Size : 953.72 Kb
Type : jpg
10 Interesting Facts About

Mahatma Gandhi

  • Gandhi is officially honored in India as the Father of the Nation; his birthday, Oct. 2, is commemorated there as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.
  • Time Magazine named Mahatma Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930.
  • Gandhi had a great sense of humor! One example: When asked by a reporter what he thought of Western civilization, Ghandi replied, "I think it would be a very good idea."
  • Gandhi spoke English with an Irish accent, due to the fact one of his first teachers was an Irishman.
  • On 30 January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was shot and killed on the grounds of the Birla Bhavan (Birla House) in New Delhi.
  • Through a pre-arranged marriage, Gandhi was wed at age 13; his wife was one year older.
  • Gandhi and his wife had their first child when he was 15 years old. The child died a few days later, but the couple had four sons before he eventually took a vow of celibacy.
  • Gandhi's wife died in prison in 1944; he was also in prison at the time of her death. Gandhi was released from prison only because he contracted malaria and officials feared an uprising if he also died while in prison.
  • Gandhi  was basically very helping and concerned about others. Once while he was boarding a train, one of his shoes slipped and fell on to the track. He instantly removed the other shoe and threw it near the first one. His intention was to provide the person who was to find them with a matched pair.
  • Gandhi never visited the US, but he had many American fans and followers. One of his more unusual admirers was Henry Ford. Gandhi sent him an autographed charkha (spinning wheel) through a journalist emissary. During the darkest days of the Second World War, Ford who was struck by the charkha's "mechanical simplicity and high moral purpose" would often sit for hours and spin.


 Time Magazine named Gandhi Man Of The Year for 1930 is their January 5, 1931 issue.



Gandhi never traveled by air; only by train, boat, or where he could walk. Throughout his life, he lived very simply.
The Mahatma on the cover of Life, March 25, 1946.
BAPU'S CHRONICLER
Gandhi is seen here weaving thread on a spinning instrument called the "dhanush takli", 1940.
Photo: Kanu Gandhi/©The Estate of Kanu Gandhi
Gandhi is, undoubtedly, one of the most photographed among the leaders of India’s independence movement. A new collection of almost 100 photographs of Mahatma Gandhi taken by his grand-nephew, Kanu Gandhi, offer another perspective on the man whose appearance was as distinctive as his approach to ending British colonial rule.

Kanu Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi’s grand-nephew, came to live with The Mahatma in the Sevagram Ashram and became his lifelong follower. Meeting the photographers and journalists who visited Gandhi helped to develop Kanu's interest in photography, although his uncle said there was no money to buy a camera. However, Gandhi agreed to allow Kanu to photograph him on the condition that no flash would be used, that he would never be asked to pose, and that he never request the ashram to fund his photography. In 1936, Kanu received his first camera and a few rolls of film through a 100 rupee contribution from industrialist GD Birla, and thus began his documentation of the last ten years of Gandhi's life.  


Gandhi standing on a weighing scale at Birla House in Mumbai, a sprawling multi-storied home built by Ghanshyam Das Birla, an Indian businessman and a close associate of Gandhi.
Photo: Kanu Gandhi/©The Estate of Kanu Gandhi
Kanu was able to continue photographing thanks to a stipend from someone who bought his photographs and from newspapers he eventually started selling the images too. Although some of Kanu's images had been reproduced in books on Gandhi, he remained out of the limelight and his work went largely without credit. In addition, his work had nnever been published as one body of work nor had his work ever been acknowledged for its historical and artistic importance. Unfortunately, Kanu Gandhi died of a heart attack on February 20, 1986 while on a pilgrimage in Northern India, long before he and his photographs were to be properly recognized.

 
Mahatma Gandhi during his train journey to Bengal, Assam and South India, November 1945.
Photo: Kanu Gandhi/©The Estate of Kanu Gandhi
In 1995, the first international exhibition of Kanu’s photographs was staged at the Leicestershire Museum and Art Gallery through the efforts of the London based artist, Saleem Arif. Kanu’s ultimate legacy remains not as just a photographer, but as a photo-biographer who helped greatly to immortalize Gandhi through the use of a camera.

In 2015, "Kanu's Gandhi" was published
as the third title in the Nazar Photography Monographs series brought out by the Delhi-based Nazar Foundation. The exquisitely produced book reveals 92 rare and personal black and white photographs of the Mahatma, taken by Kanu Gandhi between 1938 and 1948. The book was culled from a long forgotten archive that was meticulously researched and painstakingly restored. The book was launched on October 30, 2015 at the Delhi Photo Festival.
Pilgrim Of Peace
A 44 minute documentary on Gandhi and his life called, Gandhi: Pilgrim Of Peace.
The Photo That Almost Wasn't
"Gandhi At His Spinning Wheel"
By: Margaret Bourke-White, 1946

Gandhi at his Spinning Wheel, the defining portrait of one of the 20th century's most influential figures, almost didn't happen, thanks to the Mahatma's strict demands. Granted a rare opportunity to photograph India's leader; Life Magazine staffer Margaret Bourke-White was all set to shoot when Gandhi's secretaries stopped her cold: If she was going to photograph Gandhi at the spinning wheel (a symbol for India's struggle for independence), she first had to learn to use one herself.

But that wasn't all. The ascetic Mahatma wasn't to be spoken to (it being his day of silence.) And because he detested bright light, Bourke-White was only allowed to use three flashbulbs. Having cleared all these hurdles, however, there was still one more - the humid Indian weather, which wreaked havoc on her camera equipment. When time finally came to shoot, Bourke-White's first flashbulb failed. And while the second one worked, she forgot to pull the slide, rendering it blank.

She thought it was all over, but luckily, the third attempt was successful. In the end, she came away with an image that became Gandhi's most enduring representation. it was also among the last portraits of his life.

Gandhi Statues In
The USA

 Gandhi statue by the Ferry Building (at The Embarcadero), San Francisco, California.

Visit our Gandhi Statues in the USA page! We have attempted to post photos of as many Gandhi statues as we can find within the USA, but we are quite sure that there are some that we don't know about and that there will be more to come... You can help! If you know of any Gandhi statues not listed here or if you have pictures that you care to share with us, please don't hesitate to contact us at our email address, GandhiUSA1@gmail.com          Thanks!
EKATVA, The Journey
of 16
Slum Children of Gujarat
Ekatva was formed as an experiment to touch the lives and spirit of 16 underprivileged children from India, through the mediums of dance, music, performance and most importantly, love. The hope of this journey was to spread seeds of goodness and compassion throughout the world.

Sixteen children from some of the largest slums of Ahmedabad, Gujarat were selected through a nine month audition process, and were trained and developed, by eight mentors from Manav Sadhna and teachers from Darpana Academy, to perform a 90-minute dance-drama production sharing Gandhiji’s message of "Oneness". After almost 1 and a half years of training and development, the children toured the show across India, the US, and the UK. Gandhiji would be so full of joy!


Learn more at www.ekatva.blogspot.com and join them on facebook (ekatva-oneness).

"The law of love could be best understood and learned through little children."        MK Gandhi
The "EKATVA"experiment video gives a glimpse into the EKATVA production, a dance/drama musical performed by 16 slum children, hoping to share a message of oneness and universal love, to the world. A Manav Sadhna experiment, supported by many loving human beings.
With the children of EKATVA at the Gandhi Ashram in Ahmedabad

web counter free